Being capital of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing is the nation’s political, economic, and cultural center. Located in north China, close to the port city of Tianjin and partially surrounded by Hebei Province, it also serves as the most important transportation hub and port of entry.As one of the six ancient cities in China, Beijing has been the heart and soul of politics throughout its long history and consequently there is an unparalleled wealth of discovery to delight and intrigue travelers as they explore the city’s ancient past and exciting modern development. Now it has become one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, with about 140 million Chinese tourists and 4.4 million international visitors in a year.
Places to see:
- Great Wall: Beijing is the best destination to admire the Great Wall of China. Most famous Great Wall sections are located in its suburban areas, including the well-preserved Badaling and Mutianyu, the renovated Juyongyuan, Jinshanling, and Simatai, and wild Jiankou and Gubeikou. They are all not far from downtown Beijing, 1-2 hours’ driving away)
- Forbidden city: Alsoknown as the Palace Museum, and Gu Gong in Chinese, lies at the city center of Beijing, and once served as the imperial palace for 24 emperors during the Ming and Qing Dynasties 1368 – 1911)
- Tiananmen Square: Located at the center of Beijing City and the midpoint of Chang’an Avenueis the remarkable Tiananmen Square, where you can visit the Tiananmen Tower, Monument to the People’s Heroes, Great Hall of the People, Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall and see the national flag raising ceremony. Thousands of people come to the Square every day. It is the must place to visit in Beijing City
- Summer Palace Yiheyuan: Situated in the Haidian District northwest of Beijing, Summer Palace is 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the downtown area. Being the largest and most well-preserved royal park in China, it greatly influences Chinese horticulture and landscape with its famous natural views and cultural interests, which also has long been recognized as ‘The Museum of Royal Gardens’.
- National Stadium: Affectionately known as Bird’s Nest, the National Stadium is situated in Olympic GreenVillage, Chaoyang District of Beijing City. It was designed as the main stadium of 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The Olympic events of track and field, football, weight throw and discus were held there. Since October 2008, after the Olympics ended, it has been opened as a tourist attraction. Now, it’s the center of international or domestic sports competition and recreation activities. In 2022, the opening and closing ceremonies of the Winter Olympic Games will be held there.
- Temple of Heaven: The Temple of Heaven Park is located in the Chongwen District, Beijing. Originally, this was the place where emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911) held the Heaven Worship Ceremony. It is the largest and most representative existing masterpiece among China’s ancient sacrificial buildings.
- Ming Tombs: 50 kilometers (31 miles) northwest from Beijing City, at the foot of Tianshou Mountain, is the Ming Tombs Scenic Area, aka Thirteen Tombs of Ming Dynasty, where lie the mausoleums of thirteen emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644).
- Hutongs: People say that the real culture of Beijing lies in the culture of Hutong and Siheyuan (courtyards). How true it is! They give an insight to the old lifestyle of ordinary Beijingers and have special appeal to tourists. As one of the most representative icons in local culture, Hutong Beijing is usually included in a classical tour itinerary.
It is northern China’s main transportation hub. Frequent flights, modern roads and rail make it easy for visitors to reach Beijing. Crisscross roads make the urban transportation generally fast and convenient; however, you may encounter heavy traffic sometimes due to the millions of vehicles that the city owns. There are two airports in Beijing (Beijing Capital International Airport & Beijing Nanyuan Airport)
The price is charged according to the distance. It is CNY3 for the first 6km (3.7 miles), CNY4 for 6 to 12km( 3.7 to 7.5 miles), CNY5 for 12 to 22km (7.5 to 13.7 miles), CNY6 for 22 to 32km (13.7 to 20 miles), extra CNY2 for every additional 20km (12.4 miles) if distance over 32km (20 miles). A Transportation Smart Card can be used for paying. The stops are announced in both Chinese and English. Passengers can query the subway staff to avoid going in the wrong direction and wasting time.
Beijing weather features four distinct seasons – short windy spring, long hot summer, cool pleasant autumn, and long chilly winter. July and August are the hottest months with the highest temperature around 37 C (99 F), while January is the coldest time with the lowest temperature around -15 C (5 F).
Cuisines from many different cultures and places assemble in Beijing, thus, thousands of restaurants with various dining choices are available in the capital city. And the best part is that you can splurge at a fancy restaurant or dine supremely well at any of the smaller family-run operations located all over the city.
Beijing will not only ensure that you have a full and interesting day but will also present you with colorful choices for the nightlife. You will see lots of very interesting bar choices, or even a nightclub! So, don’t worry you will not get bored living in Beijing!
Estimated cost of living per month:
It all depends on your lifestyle. If you are a frugal person you really don’t have to spend a lot of money per month, but if you are a person who is not economical there is ample opportunity to spend your earnings. Either option is available, allowing you to save money well.